It does not enter into the plan, because it would be entirely inconsistent with the scale, of the present book to give details of the lives of the novelists, except when they have something special to do with the subject, or when as in the case of a few minorities who happen to be of some importance even well-informed readers are likely to be quite ignorant about them. Accounts, in all degrees of scale and competence, of the lives of Richardson, Fielding, Smollett, and Sterne abound. It is sufficient—but in the special circumstances at this point perhaps necessary—here to sum the facts very briefly in so far as they bear on the main issue. Richardson , not merely the first to write, but the eldest by much more than his priority in writing, was the son of a Derbyshire tradesman, was educated for some time at Charterhouse, but apprenticed early to a printer—which trade he pursued with diligence and profit for the rest of his life in London and its immediate neighbourhood. He was educated at Eton and Leyden: but his branch of the family being decidedly impecunious, was thrown very much on his own resources.
The English novel is an important part of English literature. This article mainly concerns novels, written in English, by novelists who were born or have spent a significant part of their lives in England, or Scotland, or Wales, or Northern Ireland or Ireland before However, given the nature of the subject, this guideline has been applied with common sense, and reference is made to novels in other languages or novelists who are not primarily British where appropriate. Other major 18th-century English novelists are Samuel Richardson — , author of the epistolary novels Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded and Clarissa —48 ; Henry Fielding — , who wrote Joseph Andrews and The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling ; Laurence Sterne — , who published Tristram Shandy in parts between and ;  Oliver Goldsmith — , author of The Vicar of Wakefield ; Tobias Smollett — , a Scottish novelist best known for his comic picaresque novels , such as The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle and The Expedition of Humphry Clinker , who influenced Charles Dickens ;  and Fanny Burney — , whose novels "were enjoyed and admired by Jane Austen," wrote Evelina , Cecilia and Camilla A noteworthy aspect of both the 18th- and 19th- century novel is the way the novelist directly addressed the reader. For example, the author might interrupt his or her narrative to pass judgment on a character, or pity or praise another, and inform or remind the reader of some other relevant issue. The phrase Romantic novel has several possible meanings.
Among his major novels are Joseph Andrews and Tom Jones Fielding was born of a family that by tradition traced its descent to a branch of the Habsburgs. His mother died just before his 11th birthday. His father having married again, Fielding was sent to Eton College , where he laid the foundations of his love of literature and his considerable knowledge of the classics. There he befriended George Lyttelton, who was later to be a statesman and an important patron to him. Leaving school at 17, a strikingly handsome youth, he settled down to the life of a young gentleman of leisure; but four years later, after an abortive elopement with an heiress and the production of a play at the Drury Lane Theatre in London , he resumed his classical studies at the University of Leiden in Holland.
Hareshwar Roy December 26,
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Modern novel began to develop during the 18 th century. It was used to refer to a prose fiction which was new because it told stories about recent events. People, who were richer than before, could afford buying books and women had more time for reading because, after the industrial revolution, they had much free time at home: they could buy in shops the products which before were handmade in the houses. The professional writers began to appear. They did not have rich patrons but earned their living by writing essays and books.
King Alfred who ruled West-Saxon Wessex from up to was the founder of the English prose or the person who laid the cornerstone of the English prose. At the end of 8 th century, King Alfred tried to save the English culture in Northumbria due to the attack of Scandinavians. He asked his scholars to translate the important works. Some of the important works translated in his age are:. Pastoral Care by Pope Gregorius. Universal History and Geography by Orosius. Consolation of Philosophy by Boethius.