Classical liberalism - WikipediaMost lists of the books which contribute to or reinforce libertarian ideas might contain most of the following top ten:. There are, of course, others that might displace one or more of these in some people's top ten. Ayn Rand's "Capitalism: the Unknown Ideal" would for many people be a candidate. Their place is rightly earned, because these books form the bedrock on which liberty has been built. There are other books in addition to these that express libertarian sentiments, often more obliquely. Everyone's list will no doubt differ. The ten I offer below is a personal selection of books that have resonated with me, and from which I think others might draw interest and inspiration.
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But its best years are behind it, according to a new book. Why Liberalism Failed. By Patrick Deneen. OVER the past four centuries liberalism has been so successful that it has driven all its opponents off the battlefield. Now it is disintegrating, destroyed by a mix of hubris and internal contradictions, according to Patrick Deneen, a professor of politics at the University of Notre Dame. The founding tenets of the faith have been shattered. Equality of opportunity has produced a new meritocratic aristocracy that has all the aloofness of the old aristocracy with none of its sense of noblesse oblige.
Books shelved as classical-liberalism: The Road to Serfdom by Friedrich A. Hayek, Economics in One Lesson: The Shortest & Surest Way to Understand Basic.
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Classical liberalism is a political ideology and a branch of liberalism which advocates civil liberties under the rule of law with an emphasis on economic freedom. Closely related to economic liberalism , it developed in the early 19th century, building on ideas from the previous century as a response to urbanisation and to the Industrial Revolution in Europe and the United States. It drew on the classical economic ideas espoused by Adam Smith in Book One of The Wealth of Nations and on a belief in natural law ,  utilitarianism  and progress. Core beliefs of classical liberals included new ideas—which departed from both the older conservative idea of society as a family and from the later sociological concept of society as complex set of social networks. Classical liberals believe that individuals are "egoistic, coldly calculating, essentially inert and atomistic"  and that society is no more than the sum of its individual members.