Central Place Theory (Christaller) by Mattie Burlington on PreziThis theory was first given by German geographer Walter Christaller in , on the basis of his study of settlement patterns in southern Germany. Walter Christaller explained why the highest order settlement has very peculiar activities which can only be supported by them and the reason behind those activities taking place only in those particular highest order settlements, he also explained the nature of activities in different order of settlements. Central place theory is of great importance even after decades and forms the basis of various present-day theories used in urban planning. Walter Christaller made some assumptions to make his theory easy to understand and form the basis for other theories. These assumptions were necessary and hold good to explain the structure of settlements. These also take into account the growth and development of towns, human behavior and fundamentals of economics. Central place theory is based on the following assumptions:.
6.4: Central Place Theory
Central place theory
Premise: Central place theory is a geographical theory that seeks to explain the number, size and location of human Strengths/Weaknesses.
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Central place theory is a geographical theory that seeks to explain the number, size and location of human settlements in a residential system. To develop the theory, Christaller made the following simplifying assumptions: . Therefore, the trade areas of these central places who provide a particular good or service must all be of equal size. The result of these consumer preferences is that a system of centers of various sizes will emerge. Each center will supply particular types of goods forming levels of hierarchy. In the functional hierarchies, generalizations can be made regarding the spacing, size and function of settlements. The higher the order of the goods and services more durable, valuable and variable , the larger the range of the goods and services, the longer the distance people are willing to travel to acquire them.