Centrifugal Pumps - Working, Applications & Types | Power Zone | PowerZoneA pump is a device that moves fluids liquids or gases , or sometimes slurries , by mechanical action. Pumps can be classified into three major groups according to the method they use to move the fluid: direct lift , displacement , and gravity pumps. Pumps operate by some mechanism typically reciprocating or rotary , and consume energy to perform mechanical work moving the fluid. Pumps operate via many energy sources, including manual operation, electricity , engines , or wind power , come in many sizes, from microscopic for use in medical applications to large industrial pumps. Mechanical pumps serve in a wide range of applications such as pumping water from wells , aquarium filtering , pond filtering and aeration , in the car industry for water-cooling and fuel injection , in the energy industry for pumping oil and natural gas or for operating cooling towers. In the medical industry , pumps are used for biochemical processes in developing and manufacturing medicine, and as artificial replacements for body parts, in particular the artificial heart and penile prosthesis.
Axial Flow Pump
Centrifugal and axial flow pumps; theory, design, and application.
Centrifugal Pumps are the most popular and commonly used type of pump for the transfer of fluids. In simple words, it is a pump that uses a rotating impeller to move water or other fluids by using centrifugal force. These are the undisputed pump choice especially for delivering liquid from one location to another in numerous industries including agriculture , municipal water and wastewater plants , industrial, power generation plants, petroleum, mining , chemical, pharmaceutical, and many others. Centrifugal Pumps are useful since they can generally handle large quantities of fluids, provide very high flow rates which may vary with the changes in the Total Dynamic Head TDH of the particular piping system and have the ability to adjust their flow rates over a wide range. Centrifugal pumps are generally designed and suitable for liquids with a relatively low viscosity that pours like water or light oil.