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A Primer in Positive Psychology
Positive psychology is "the scientific study of what makes life most worth living",  or "the scientific study of positive human functioning and flourishing on multiple levels that include the biological, personal, relational, institutional, cultural, and global dimensions of life". Positive psychology began as a new domain of psychology in when Martin Seligman chose it as the theme for his term as president of the American Psychological Association. It builds further on the humanistic movement, which encouraged an emphasis on happiness, well-being , and positivity, thus creating the foundation for what is now known as positive psychology. Positive psychology is concerned with eudaimonia , "The good life", reflection about what holds the greatest value in life — the factors that contribute the most to a well-lived and fulfilling life. Positive psychologists have suggested a number of ways in which individual happiness may be fostered. Social ties with a spouse, family, friends and wider networks through work, clubs or social organisations are of particular importance, while physical exercise and the practice of meditation may also contribute to happiness.
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi. Flow and the Foundations of Positive Psychology. The Collected Works of Mihaly. Csikszentmihalyi.
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Martin Seligman 'Flourishing - a new understanding of wellbeing' at Happiness & Its Causes 2012
Its primary premise is that building positive emotions, strengths, and meaning, in addition to undoing symptoms, is efficacious in treating psychopathology. Positive emotions, strengths, and meaning serve us best not when life is easy but when life is difficult. For a psychologically distressed client, having and using strengths such as optimism, hope, zest, and social intelligence become more important than in good times. This chapter explains the theoretical foundations of PPT, presents empirical evidence that supports accentuating positives as being clinically relevant, and outlines the structure and specific strategies of PPT. Finally, the chapter discusses the therapeutic process and mechanisms of change. Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
Summary: Positive psychology is the study of happiness, flourishing, and what makes life worth living. Seligman points to five factors as leading to well-being — positive emotion, engagement, relationships, meaning and purpose, and accomplishment. Originators and key contributors:. Keywords: flow, character strengths, well-being, happiness, positive emotion, engagement, relationships, meaning and purpose, and accomplishment. Positive psychology. Positive psychology, initiated by Seligman, is the term given to a collection of studies aimed at researching what makes life worth living . Positive psychology aims to gain a deeper understanding of positive emotions, positive traits, and positive institutions.