Nigeria - Independent Nigeria | donkeytime.orgThe federal government of Nigeria is composed of three distinct branches: legislative , executive , and judicial , whose powers are vested by the Constitution of Nigeria in the National Assembly , the President , and the federal courts, including the Supreme Court , respectively. Nigeria is a federal republic , with executive power exercised by the president. The president is the head of state , the head of government , and the head of a multi-party system. Nigerian politics takes place within a framework of a federal , presidential , representative democratic republic , in which executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is held by the real government and the two chambers of the legislature: the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Department of Political Science
Nigeria was granted independence on October 1, A new constitution established a federal system with an elected prime minister and a ceremonial head of state. Balewa continued to serve as the prime minister, a position he had held since , while Azikiwe took the largely ceremonial position of president of the Senate. On October 1, , Nigeria became a republic. Azikiwe became president of the country, although as prime minister Balewa was still more powerful. In an attempt to stave off ethnic conflict , the Mid-West region was created in August by dividing the Western region. Despite this division, the country still was segmented into three large geographic regions, each of which was essentially controlled by an ethnic group: the west by the Yoruba , the east by the Igbo , and the north by the Hausa-Fulani.