12 Incredible Facts About Nigeria
Nigeria , country located on the western coast of Africa. Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. The country has abundant natural resources, notably large deposits of petroleum and natural gas. The national capital is Abuja , in the Federal Capital Territory , which was created by decree in The country became independent on October 1, , and in adopted a republican constitution but elected to stay a member of the Commonwealth.
The culture of Nigeria is shaped by Nigeria 's multiple ethnic groups. The country has languages, seven of them are extinct. The six largest ethnic groups are the Hausa and Fulani in the north, the Igbo in the southeast, and the Yoruba predominate in the southwest, the Tiv people of North Central Nigeria and the Efik - Ibibio. The Edo people are most frequent in the region between Yorubaland and Igboland. Many of the Edo tend to be Christian. Nigeria's other ethnic groups, sometimes called 'minorities', are found throughout the country but especially in the north and the middle belt. The traditionally nomadic Fulani can be found all over West and Central Africa.
After the abolition of the slave trade, there was an expansion of trade in agricultural produce from Africa to Europe, particularly palm oil from the West African coastal areas. The coastal enclave of Lagos became a British colony in , a centre for expansion of British trade, missions, and political influence. Read more Nigerian People and Culture Famous for her huge population of more than million people and with more than ethnics groups, Nigeria has the highest population in the whole African continent. The country is made up of three major ethnic groups — the Hausa-Fulani, the Yoruba, and the Igbo- and they represent about 70 percent of the population. Another 10 percent comprises of several other groups numbering more than 1 million members each, including the Kanuri, Tiv, and Ibibio.
Though there is archaeological evidence that societies have been living in Nigeria for more than twenty-five hundred years, the borders of modern Nigeria were not created until the British consolidated their colonial power over the area in The name Nigeria was suggested by British journalist Flora Shaw in the s. She referred to the area as Nigeria, after the Niger River, which dominates much of the country's landscape. The word niger is Latin for black. More than ethnic tribes call present-day Nigeria home.