Urinalysis Problem Quiz - ProProfs QuizA routine urinalysis usually includes the following tests: color, transparency, specific gravity, pH, protein, glucose, ketones, blood, bilirubin, nitrite, urobilinogen, and leukocyte esterase. Some laboratories include a microscopic examination of urinary sediment with all routine urinalysis tests. If not, it is customary to perform the microscopic exam, if transparency, glucose, protein, blood, nitrite, or leukocyte esterase is abnormal. In addition, quantitative urinalysis tests may be performed to help diagnose many specific disorders, such as endocrine diseases, bladder cancer, osteoporosis, and porphyrias a group of disorders caused by chemical imbalance. Quantitative analysis often requires the use of a timed urine sample.
Urinalysis Problem Quiz
NCBI Bookshelf. Boston: Butterworths; Urinalysis is the examination of urine for certain physical properties, solutes, cells, casts, crystals, organisms, or particulate matter. Because urinalysis is easy, cheap, and productive, it is recommended as part of the initial examination of all patients and should be repeated as clinically warranted. This chapter focuses on what the physician may do in a few minutes with a urine sample, reagent strips, a microscope, and an inquiring mind. Such analysis may lead to more sophisticated chemical, immunologic, or bacteriologic studies. The rationale and technique of urinalysis are straightforward.
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Clinical Methods: The History, Physical, and Laboratory Examinations. 3rd edition.
Which sample of urine is suitable for routine examination? Fresh sample collected anytime of the day is suitable, however first voided early morning urine sample is preferable as it is most concentrated and has acidic pH in which formed elements cells and casts are usually preserved. Define oliguria, anuria, nocturia and polyuria? Nocturia: An increase in the nocturnal excretion of urine d. Polyuria: urine volume greater than 2.