Freedom and Culture : John Dewey :John Dewey was an American philosopher, associated with pragmatism. His immense philosophical and other written output encompasses most areas of philosophy as well as a host of other educational, social and political concerns. At the core of his political thinking are the beliefs that science and democracy are mutually supportive and interdependent enterprises, that they are egalitarian, progressive and rest on habits of open social communication, and that powerful interpretations of liberal individualism and democracy have become ossified and self-defeating. Yet he retained the Idealist ambition of articulating a unified account of human progress. After a dispute with the university president, Dewey left Chicago in for Columbia University, where he remained until his retirement.
Dewey’s Political Philosophy
As it happened, Charles Sanders Peirce was a faculty member at Johns Hopkins during this period and Dewey was stronglyinfluenced by several courses of study with Peirce. Peirce was the brilliant son of the famous Harvard mathematicianBenjamin Peirce and he had written a series of influential articles on the philosophy of science and epistemology. Anotherfamous Harvard faculty member had already been substantially influenced by Peirce; this was William James. From the 60sthrough the late 80s, James had made his way from physiology to psychology to philosophy, writing one of the most famous19th Century books on psychology along the way. Together, Peirce and James constituted the core of the school ofAmerican Pragmatism. Other influences at Hopkins were G. During the first decade after his Ph.
Combined with other published and unpublished sources of the same period, analysis of the original manuscript provides new and compelling evidence that between and Dewey was actively involved in the project of developing a social philosophy that however never saw the light. In the fourth section I will draw some lessons from the comparison of the two texts, and in the fifth section I will propose some general conclusions on the philosophical implications of this text for the development of a pragmatist social philosophy. Moreover, he appeared to have ambivalent views about having a social philosophy. It occurs some 65 times within the totality of his Works, and seldom as an object of distinct concern. In Dewey , certainly the most important political text of the period, there is no trace of a social approach, and democracy is meant to refer to a political regime and to a moral ideal. A few exceptions can be found in the Lectures in Ethics and Politics delivered from to
In this paper, I argue that John Dewey's view of human nature entails that culture is a necessary but not sufficient condition for freedom. A surprising corollary of.
satellite speakers vs bookshelf speakers
2. Reconstructing Liberalism
Freedom and Culture is a book by John Dewey. Published in , the book is an analytical defense of democracy written in a time when democratic regimes had recently been replaced by non-democratic ones, and at a time when Marxism was considered a powerful political force. According to Dewey, human nature is the result of many forces, many of which are culturally determined. Attempts have been made to explain human behavior as being primarily motivated by love of freedom, or by pursuit of self-interest, or by the pursuit of power, or being primarily determined by economic conditions. All of these are products of their times and their inevitable falsification results in a backlash, de-emphasizing the formerly over-emphasized factor.