Delivery and storage of natural gas - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)Two new chapters have been added to the new edition: a chapter on nitrogen rejection to address today's high nitrogen gases and a chapter on gas processing plant operations to assist plant operators with optimizing their plant operations. In addition, overall updates to Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing provide a fresh look at new technologies and opportunities for solving current gas processing problems on plant design and operation and on greenhouse gases emissions. It also does an excellent job of highlighting the key considerations that must be taken into account for any natural gas project in development. Professional gas processing engineers and technologists, gas-processing plant designers and operators, scientists and researchers working in the natural gas industry. Saeid Mokhatab is one of the most recognizable names in the natural gas community through his contributions to advancing the technologies in the natural gas processing industry. He has been actively involved in different aspects of several large-scale gas processing projects, from conceptual design through plant startup and operations support. He has also served as a member of technical committees for several professional societies and acclaimed gas processing conferences worldwide.
Fundamentals of Midstream Oil and Gas
Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing
Natural-gas processing is a complex industrial process designed to clean raw natural gas by separating impurities and various non-methane hydrocarbons and fluids to produce what is known as pipeline quality dry natural gas. Natural-gas processing begins at the well head. The composition of the raw natural gas extracted from producing wells depends on the type, depth, and location of the underground deposit and the geology of the area. Oil and natural gas are often found together in the same reservoir. The natural gas produced from oil wells is generally classified as associated-dissolved , meaning that the natural gas is associated with or dissolved in crude oil. Natural-gas processing plants purify raw natural gas by removing common contaminants such as water , carbon dioxide CO 2 and hydrogen sulfide H 2 S.
Delivering natural gas from natural gas and oil wells to consumers requires many infrastructure assets and processing steps, and it includes several physical transfers of custody. Natural gas transported on the mainline natural gas transportation system in the United States must meet specific quality measures so that the pipeline network or grid can provide uniform quality natural gas. Wellhead natural gas may contain contaminants and hydrocarbon gas liquids HGL that must be removed before the natural gas can be safely delivered to the high-pressure, long-distance pipelines that transport natural gas to consumers. A natural gas processing plant typically receives natural gas from a gathering system of pipelines from natural gas and oil wells. Natural gas processing can be complex and usually involves several processes, or stages, to remove oil, water, HGL, and other impurities such as sulfur, helium, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, and carbon dioxide. The composition of the wellhead natural gas determines the number of stages and the processes required to produce pipeline-quality dry natural gas. Natural gas transmission pipelines are wide-diameter pipelines and are often the long-distance portion of natural gas pipeline systems that connect gathering systems in producing areas, natural gas processing plants, other receipt points, and the main consumer service areas.
Written by an internationally-recognized team of natural gas industry experts, the fourth edition of Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing is a unique, well-researched, and comprehensive work on the design and operation aspects of natural gas transmission and processing.
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