International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors - 3 Volume Set - CRC Press BookRecent developments of research and application of Human Factors and Ergonomics HFE are described, in particular the domain of healthcare delivery. HFE activities in this domain are highlighted and challenges for the discipline and the International Ergonomics Association are presented. Traditionally when HFE Human Factors and Ergonomics research and practice address health and health care, most people think about issues associated with the health of workers and the health problems experienced by healthcare workers. With regard to worker health , HFE typically addresses how work and working conditions can influence the physical and mental health of workers. For instance, HFE has examined extensively the impact of work on musculoskeletal disorders.
International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors - 3 Volume Set
These understandings are represented by different approaches which can be seen as exemplary for a more comprehensive management, namely human factors on the one hand, and total quality management and business excellence on the other. They all comprise a stakeholder orientation coupled with a time horizon which exceeds the perspective of short-term earnings. Reflecting the title of this book, this paper intends to show how these understandings are linked together and why realizing corporate sustainability can be seen as a challenge for those comprehensive management approaches. Starting with these considerations, it is argued that the mentioned approaches are linked by concurring objectives, though differing in time focus and scope. Especially these differences can be seen as a challenge to broaden the perspectives but also to benefit from already existing synergies. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
1. HFE in health and health care
Musculoskeletal disorder, which may affect muscles, tendons, joints, ligaments, and nerves, can be counted among the main reasons for sick leave in industrialized countries. Ergonomic design of workstations helps ease physical stress and contributes to well-being at the workspace — a valuable asset, considering how much time of day people spend there! And people who feel well at their microscopes are more content, more productive, and stay home ill less often — this applies to microscope applications in industry such as quality control as well as surgical applications during neurosurgical and ophthalmological procedures. Applied Ergonomics Elsevier. Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing Wiley. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics Elsevier.