Read Infancy: Infant, Family, and Society PDF Free - video dailymotionThe historical evolution of infant feeding includes wet nursing, the feeding bottle, and formula use. Before the invention of bottles and formula, wet nursing was the safest and most common alternative to the natural mother's breastmilk. Society's negative view of wet nursing, combined with improvements of the feeding bottle, the availability of animal's milk, and advances in formula development, gradually led to the substitution of artificial feeding for wet nursing. In addition, the advertising and safety of formula products increased their popularity and use among society. Currently, infant formula-feeding is widely practiced in the United States and appears to contribute to the development of several common childhood illnesses, including atopy, diabetes mellitus, and childhood obesity. The historical evolution of feeding practices for a full-term infant immediately after birth includes wet nursing, the feeding bottle, and formula use. The purpose of this article is to explore each component and their combined impact on current infant-feeding trends and child health.
Infancy: Infant, Family, and Society
A state-by-state analysis of the true cost of infant and toddler child care finds it is unaffordable for most working families. Janna and Andrew both commute into Olympia each day for their jobs working for the state government. For years, they have struggled to find quality, affordable child care for their young son. Although Washington state passed a paid leave law in , 2 Elliott was born in , and therefore, Janna and Andrew took mostly unpaid leave to care for him during the first few months of his life. Knowing that child care options for infants were limited, Janna and Andrew got on a waitlist well before Elliott was born and were able to find a spot for him when he was 6 months old at a child care center in their neighborhood. However, they quickly found that child care was their largest monthly expense—exceeding the cost of their monthly rent.
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Purchase a copy. Author's syllabus. It spans the four-year period in the human life course between conception and 36 months.
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