Curbing Freedom (Klan Violence): Testimony of White Tuscaloosa Residents - Hilary N. Green, PhDMembers of the Ku Klux Klan, for example, terrorized black citizens for exercising their right to vote, running for public office, and serving on juries. In response, Congress passed a series of Enforcement Acts in and also known as the Force Acts to end such violence and empower the president to use military force to protect African Americans. Even this legislation did not diminish harassment of black voters in some areas. In December , Senator Oliver H. Morton , an Indiana Republican, introduced a resolution requesting the president to communicate any information he had about certain incidents of threatened resistance to the execution of the laws of the United States.
KKK grand wizard admits to shooting gun at black protester
Reconstruction Violence and the Ku Klux Klan Hearings: A Brief History with Documents
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Grant on April 20, The act was the last of three Enforcement Acts passed by the United States Congress from to during the Reconstruction Era to combat attacks upon the suffrage rights of African Americans. The statute has been subject to only minor changes since then, but has been the subject of voluminous interpretation by courts. This legislation was asked for by President Grant and passed within one month of when the president sent the request to Congress. Grant's request was a result of the reports he was receiving of widespread racial threats in the Deep South , particularly in South Carolina.
The changes in American democracy and society following Emancipation and Reconstruction provoked a violent response from Americans who were opposed to Radical Reconstruction and shocked by the attempt to overthrow white supremacy in Southern society. Students will also reflect on the factors that led to the success of violent groups in precipitating the defeat of Republican governments in the former Confederacy. This lesson is part of Facing History's work on the Reconstruction era, and part of a series of video-based web lessons. Use this lesson to engage students in conversations around the effects that violence and terror can have on the choices made by individuals in a democracy. Begin this lesson by prompting students to write a short reflection in response to the following question:. We recommend that you show the video in two segments, pausing after the end of Klan violence has been explained. Show the video--pausing at the mark.
This carefully edited selection of testimony from the Ku Klux Klan hearings reveals what is often left out of the discussion of Reconstruction—the central role of violence in shaping its course. The Introduction places the hearings in historical context and draws connections between slavery and p The Introduction places the hearings in historical context and draws connections between slavery and post-Emancipation violence. The documents evidence the varieties of violence leveled at freedmen and Republicans, from attacks hinging on land and the franchise to sexual violence and the targeting of black institutions. Alexander offers an outstanding contribution to the pedagogy in American, African American, and Southern history and studies. The volumes of KKK testimony are massive, and the author has taken on a monumental task to cull through the materials from the hearings.