The Unity of World Kinship: A Southern Perspective | SpringerLinkIt is considered foundational for the discipline of anthropology and particularly for the study of human kinship. It was the culmination of decades of research into the variety of kinship terminologies in the world conducted partly through fieldwork and partly through a global survey of kinship terminologies in the languages and cultures of the world. It "created at a stroke what without exaggeration might be called the seminal concern of contemporary anthropology, the study of kinship At the same time, he presented a sophisticated schema of social evolution based upon the relationship terms, the categories of kinship, used by peoples around the world. Through his analysis of kinship terms, Morgan discerned that the structure of the family and social institutions develop and change according to a specific sequence. Morgan's interest in kinship systems came from his interest in the history and society of the Iroquois league , particularly the Seneca which he knew well.
Family Trees in Other Languages: our world's 7 kinship systems
About the Book Modern anthropology would be radically different without this book. Published in , this first major study of kinship, inventive and wide-ranging, created a new field of inquiry in anthropology. Drawing partly upon his own fieldwork among American Indians, anthropologist Lewis Henry Morgan examined the kinship systems of over one hundred cultures, probing for similarities and differences in their organization.
12.1D: Kinship Patterns
Families exist in all societies and they are part of what makes us human. However, societies around the world demonstrate tremendous variation in cultural understandings of family and marriage. Ideas about how people are related to each other, what kind of marriage would be ideal, when people should have children, who should care for children, and many other family related matters differ cross-culturally. While the function of families is to fulfill basic human needs such as providing for children, defining parental roles, regulating sexuality, and passing property and knowledge between generations, there are many variations or patterns of family life that can meet these needs. This chapter introduces some of the more common patterns of family life found around the world. Some of the earliest research in cultural anthropology explored differences in ideas about family.
These rules were imposed by the Qing empire, but, as observed by the ethnologist, the Na continued to follow their own customs. Does it result from a situation where the men emigrate from the village? Have the theories of kinship suffered from an unfounded assumption of the universal nature of marriage? In contrast, the Han case studied by Cai Hua during research in Kunming understands consanguinity as exclusively masculine, sperm being considered as blood issued from the bone. Cai Hua does not, however, discuss the analyses of Robertson Smith in Kinship and Marriage in Early Arabia , which linked beliefs about consanguinity to the ritual of sacrifice as a sharing of the blood, and which exerted a major influence on the theory of Durkheim, according to which kinship is exclusively social, or ultimately religious.