The Language and Thought of the Child by Jean PiagetFrom his research into children's language and thinking, Jean Piaget based his theory on the idea that children do not think like adults. He concluded that through their interactions with their environment, children actively construct their own understanding of the world. He described the sensory-motor period from birth to 2 years as the time when children use action schemas to "assimilate" information about the world. In his book "The Language and Thought of the Child," Piaget describes two functions of children's language: the "egocentric" and the "socialized. The development of their mental schemas lets them quickly "accommodate" new words and situations.
Language Learning Theories
Piaget’s theory child language and thought, by Vygotsky
It is not an exaggeration to say that he revolutionized the study of child language and thought. He was the first to investigate child perception and logic systematically; moreover, he brought to his subject a fresh approach of unusual amplitude and boldness. Instead of listing the deficiencies of child reasoning compared with that of adults, Piaget concentrated on the distinctive characteristics of child thought, on what the child has rather than on what the child lacks. Through this positive approach he demonstrated that the difference between child and adult thinking was qualitative rather than quantitative. It had already been expressed in the words of Rousseau, which Piaget himself quoted, that a child is not a miniature adult and his mind not the mind of an adult on a small scale. This cleavage is a concomitant of the crisis that psychology is undergoing as it develops into a science in the true sense of the word.
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