02 Borg & Gall, An Exemplar Case of Educational Research & Development
Educational Research: An Introduction, 7th Edition
This study is the initial part of a doctoral dissertation research conducted with the aim at designing a learning model in teaching speaking according to the needs of faculty and students. The development of this model is done to improve the students speaking skills. Research and development are the steps consist of a needs analysis, document analysis, design models, development models and experimental models. Document and needs analysis in this study a syllabus, lesson plan RPP and the model used for this study. This research was carried out by following the nature of the procedures of research and development covering the steps of 1 an exploratory study, 2 the stage of development, 3 the testing phase models, 4 dissemination Borg and Gall and Sukmadinata The results of the analysis of questionnaires, and interviews revealed that lecturers need guidelines for the implementation of learning speaking.
The focus of this paper is the research and development, as a kind of educational research that is innovative, productive and meaningful. The product of research and development in aspects, especially in education has been able to make the job easier and more enjoyable. Developing of learning as a model, curriculum and component have been able to make learning easier. Example, with the integration of information and communication technology ICT into the learning process, making the learning can be done in many places. Research and development can be done with various models that have been developed by experts, such as Plomp, 4-D, and Borg and Gall. The researchers were able to select and adopt it has been developed by expert.
Business and Management
It consists of a cycle in which a version of the productis developed, field-tested, and revised on the basis of field-test data. Although product development sometimes occurs in basic applied research studies, their primary goal is to discover new knowledge. State two deficiencies of basic and applied research as strategies for developing ducational products. State four criteria that can be used to select an educational product to be developed. Describe why it is important to field-test a product in a setting similar to that in which it will be used when fully developed. Give arguments for and against refinement of educationaI material during the initial stages of deveIopment. Educational research and development sometimes called research-based development appears to be the most promising strategy we now have for improving education.