Reflexivity (social theory) - WikipediaIn epistemology , and more specifically, the sociology of knowledge , reflexivity refers to circular relationships between cause and effect , especially as embedded in human belief structures. A reflexive relationship is bidirectional with both the cause and the effect affecting one another in a relationship in which neither can be assigned as causes or effects. Within sociology more broadly—the field of origin— reflexivity means an act of self-reference where examination or action "bends back on", refers to, and affects the entity instigating the action or examination. It commonly refers to the capacity of an agent to recognize forces of socialization and alter their place in the social structure. A low level of reflexivity would result in an individual shaped largely by their environment or "society".
Science of Science and Reflexivity
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PDF | This book is based on Bourdieu's final lecture course at the Collége de France. It attempts to show how science produces transhistorical truths despite the.
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It attempts to show how science produces transhistorical truths despite the fact that scientific production occurs in specific cultural and socio-historical conditions. The aim is inspired by a fear that science is losing its autonomy to political and economic interests, a development he believes makes science "dangerous. The book concludes with a discussion of reflexivity, where he claims to apply the same critique to himself that he earlier applies to the "new sociology of science. Before addressing the substantive aim of the book, it is necessary to say a word about his terminology. When he speaks of "logicism" he is referring to the epistemological tradition associated with the Vienna Circle in the s, particularly that espoused by its exiles to America, such as Rudolf Carnap and Hans Reichenbach, and currently known as "analytic philosophy. Bourdieu's target is just one sub-section of this work, that known as the "sociology of scientific knowledge" SSK , with a few non-SSK "postmodernists" such as Foucault thrown in for good measure.