Religion and Politics | Internet Encyclopedia of PhilosophyReview of Religious Research. The main argument of this paper is that religious change caused by modifying supply in the religious market takes time due to intergenerational value change. Unlike previous research, this study suggests that not only do religious agents on the supply side need time to adjust, but that the time lag is probably even greater among individuals on the demand side of the religious market. Describing the transformation of the Swedish religious market from a regulated religious monopoly before to an increasingly deregulated and competitive religious supply since , the study explains this revival in religious interest on the part of generations whose formative years were after As these generations replace previous generation with less religious interest, religious interest is rising in the Swedish population.
Performing the Secular
Ronald F. Inglehart born September 5, is a political scientist and professor emeritus at the University of Michigan. The first wave of surveys for this project was carried out in and the latest wave was completed in This laboratory has carried out surveys in Russia and eight ex-Soviet countries and is training PhD-level students in quantitative cross-national research methods. In the seventies Inglehart began developing an influential theory of Generational Replacement causing intergenerational value change from materialist to post-materialist values that helped shape the Eurobarometer Surveys, the World Values Surveys and other cross-national survey projects. Building on this work, he subsequently developed a revised version of Modernization theory , Evolutionary Modernization Theory, which argues that economic development, welfare state institutions and the long peace between major powers since , are reshaping human motivations in ways that have important implications concerning gender roles, sexual norms, the role of religion, economic behavior and the spread of democracy. Brief descriptions of some of his most influential works include:.
The relation between religion and politics continues to be an important theme in political philosophy , despite the emergent consensus both among political theorists and in practical political contexts, such as the United Nations on the right to freedom of conscience and on the need for some sort of separation between church and state. Thus, it is probably inevitable that religious commitments will sometimes come into conflict with the demands of politics. But religious beliefs and practices also potentially support politics in many ways.
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An encyclopedia of philosophy articles written by professional philosophers.
Why Religion Influences Politics More Now Than 50 Years Ago - Monica Duffy Toft
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