Islam Between East and WestForgot password? Don't have an account? Alija Izetbegovic — could be accepted as one of the influential Muslim thinkers and political leaders whose thoughts have attracted attention in the Islamic world. Izetbegovic accepted three main approaches about human reality and its products: religion spirituality-based , materialism material-based , and Islam based on both the spiritual and the material. He distinguishes Islam from other Abrahamic religions besides the Far Eastern religions and moral thoughts. He criticizes the contemporary Western materialist civilization and considers Islam as an alternative against this falsely developed civilization. With reference to his most important work, Islam between East and West , this article traces his understanding of civilization.
Heroes of Islam ( Alija Izetbegovic ) First Bosnian President
Islam Between East and West
In this chapter Islamism is viewed as a variety of religious fundamentalism. The religion of Islam must be differentiated from the many varieties of Islamism as political ideology. In view of the developments in the post-bipolar Middle East, there is a clear connection between fundamentalism and security. Domestic and regional stability in the southern Mediterranean is needed, and the Islamization of politics is viewed as a security threat to peace in this region. Samuel Huntington recognizes what is termed the 'cultural turn' in seeing how cultures and civilizations play an increasingly important role in international politics. The major problem with his approach is that he believes civilizations can engage in world political conflicts.
Freeman Spogli Institute. While the presence of Islam in West Africa dates back to eighth century, the spread of the faith in regions that are now the modern states of Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Niger, Mali and Nigeria, was in actuality, a gradual and complex process. Much of what we know about the early history of West Africa comes from medieval accounts written by Arab and North African geographers and historians. Specialists have used several models to explain why Africans converted to Islam. While the motivations of early conversions remain unclear, it is apparent that the early presence of Islam in West Africa was linked to trade and commerce with North Africa. North African traders were major actors in introducing Islam into West Africa. The Sahel, the ecological transition zone between the Sahara desert and forest zone, which spans the African continent, was an intense point of contact between North Africa and communities south of the Sahara.
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From the Christian crusades of the Middle Ages to the fatwa on Salman Rushdie at the close of the millennium, the predominately Christian societies of Western Europe and North America have been suspicious and fearful of Muslims. Conversely, Muslim adherents of Islam find much in Western social values and practices antithetical to their tradition. T he arena of conflict between these communities is changing rapidly, primarily due to the technological innovations of the information age and the confrontation of cultures. No longer are geographical boundaries adequate to separate these cultures. At the same time, Muslims of the diaspora are creating religious and cultural enclaves using Arabsat and the Internet, as well as traditional channels. Yet, recent Islamic migrants to Western nations face the dilemma of finding their authentic voice in popular Western culture, balanced against their fears of cultural assimilation and loss of identity. They seek to know how is it possible to move toward the center of Western culture without compromising deeply-held religious beliefs and traditions.
There was no specific date on which the sectors of Berlin occupied by the Western Allies became "West Berlin", but is widely accepted as the year in which the name was adopted. West Berlin aligned itself politically with the Federal Republic of Germany called the "Bonn Republic" by historians and was directly or indirectly represented in its federal institutions. West Berlin had great symbolic significance during the Cold War, as it was widely considered by westerners as an "island of freedom ". It was heavily subsidised by West Germany as a "showcase of the West". With about two million inhabitants, West Berlin had the largest population of any city in Germany during the Cold War era.
Something is rotten in the relationship between the Islamic and Western worlds; there is a diffuse but pungent odor of fear and mistrust. The unease has primarily to do with the issue of violence: violence that permeates the past and the present, violence in all its glory - honor killings, suicide attacks, the Crusades, colonialism, the Taliban, Abu Ghraib, sharia, headscarves, youths rioting in France, jihad, Israel, insulting the Prophet, and freedom of speech. What a tangle! Lately, it hasn't been getting any better. As so often, perceptions weigh at least as heavily as facts. However, in this case the bare facts are daunting enough.