An Introduction to Cognitive Psychology: Processes and Disorders, 3rd EditionFor example, a therapist is using principles of cognitive theory when she teaches you to how to identify maladaptive thought patterns and transform them into constructive ones. The assumption of cognitive theory is that thoughts are the primary determinants of emotions and behavior. Information processing is a common description of this mental process. Theorists compare the way the human mind functions to a computer. Pure cognitive theory largely rejects behaviorism , another approach to psychology, on the basis that it reduces complex human behavior to simple cause and effect. This allows therapists to use techniques from both schools of thought to help clients achieve their goals.
Consciousness: Crash Course Psychology #8
Social cognition is a sub-topic of various branches of psychology that focuses on how people process, store, and apply information about other people and social situations. It focuses on the role that cognitive processes play in social interactions. More technically, social cognition refers to how people deal with conspecifics members of the same species or even across species such as pet information, include four stages: encoding, storage, retrieval, and processing. In the area of social psychology , social cognition refers to a specific approach in which these processes are studied according to the methods of cognitive psychology and information processing theory. According to this view, social cognition is a level of analysis that aims to understand social psychological phenomena by investigating the cognitive processes that underlie them. This level of analysis may be applied to any content area within social psychology, including research on intrapersonal, interpersonal, intragroup, and intergroup processes. The term social cognition has been used in multiple areas in psychology and cognitive neuroscience , most often to refer to various social abilities disrupted in autism ,  schizophrenia  and other disorders.
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