Rural Sociology and Educational Psychology (Lecture-2nd) Unit - II: Rural Sociology and its Scope
FUNDAMENTAL OF RURAL SOCIOLOGY & EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
Read this article to learn about the meaning, definition, nature, characteristics, scope, importance and development of rural sociology. India is basically a land of villages. Rural sociology is the sociology of the village or village society. It is a branch of sociology which studies rural society. Rural sociology studies the relations of the people who live in the villages. It is just like a mirror of the rural social life. It provides a detailed study of knowledge about different aspects of rural life, its problems, its culture, its religion, its economic and political life.
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Basic sociological concepts applied to rural societal institutions and rural communities; causes and consequences of rural social change. The objectives of the course are 1 to acquaint students with the fundamental concepts, principles and research methods of rural sociology; and 2 to assist students in applying these concepts and principles to gain an understanding of rural societal institutions and the forces leading to social change in rural America and globally. Lectures and readings are designed to encourage students to examine their assumptions and understanding of the structure and functioning of rural communities, the forces leading to rural social change, and the likely course of these changes in the future. A major objective is to challenge students to critically analyze rural society and rural social institutions from a sociological perspective. Understanding the changing nature of rural society in an increasingly urbanizing and integrated world is a key consideration. Exploring Indigenous Ways of Knowing in the Great Lakes Region explores concepts and values distinctive to indigenous ways of knowing IK in the Great Lakes Region through readings, video segments, and lectures.
Rural sociology is a field of sociology traditionally associated with the study of social structure and conflict in rural areas although topical areas such as food and agriculture or natural resource access transcend traditional rural spatial boundaries Sociology Guide It is an active field in much of the world, originating in the United States in the s with close ties to the national Department of Agriculture and land-grant university colleges of agriculture. The sociology of food and agriculture is one focus of rural sociology, and much of the field is dedicated to the economics of farm production. Other areas of study include rural migration and other demographic patterns , environmental sociology , amenity-led development , public lands policies, so-called " boomtown " development, social disruption , the sociology of natural resources including forests, mining, fishing and other areas , rural cultures, and identities, rural health care, and educational policies. Many rural sociologists work in the areas of development studies , community studies , community development , and environmental studies.
The network of relationships revolving around cooperative forms of relationships between the sexes for reproduction, care, nurture and socialisation of children and other such functions of the family extends and operates within culturally defined patterns of behaviour, fulfilling carefully prescribed roles. As in the case of the other institutions, the families in India and in other parts of the world are in the midst of change, and many functions of the family have been transferred to other institutions in society. The family has tremendous influence on the individual, his behaviour and his actions for it moulds him from infancy and has significant influence on the development of his personality. Social interaction which assumes a repetitive pattern in a specific in a specific direction becomes a social process. Competition has limitations in its stimulative effect. People may decide not to operate on a competitive basis but by fixing work quotas, enforce promotion through seniority of service and use other means that enable them to avoid the rigours, tension and insecurity involved in completion.