Popular Urdu Literature BooksThough he has written in both Persian and Urdu, the Indian subcontinent reveres him mostly for his work in Urdu today. His Urdu ghazals explored philosophy, existentialism, the mysteries of life and other subjects, breaking away from the tradition of ghazals primarily focusing on the trials of love. The Mughal-era poet was born in in Agra at a time when Urdu poetry was considered to have been at a formative stage, and his work is therefore integral to the development of the language itself. His poetry is known to have drawn from tragedies in his own life — including the death of his family members, particularly the early death of his father — as well as from having had to witness the plundering of his new home, Delhi, by invaders from present-day Afghanistan. Having been appointed poet laureate of the Mughal court in Delhi at the age of just 19, Zauq holds irreplaceable significance in the history of Urdu poetry. The son of a low-level soldier in the Mughal army, the poet grew up in extreme poverty. Called the Khaqani a famous 12th-century Persian poet of India by Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last Mughal emperor, the poet is said to have enjoyed more popularity than his rival and contemporary Mirza Ghalib, even though the latter is celebrated more today.
He was a pioneer of Urdu literature whose novels are today a basic part of the educational curriculum in the Indian sub-continent ie. His father was a teacher in a small town near Bijnore, who taught the boy Persian and Arabic, and in took him to study with Maulvi Abd ul-Khaliq at the Aurangabadi Mosque in Delhi. He began his career as a teacher in Arabic, in he joined the British colonial administration, in he became a deputy inspector of schools in the Department of Public Instruction in Kanpur. And at the end of he was appointed to a similar deputy inspectorship in Allahabad. He was posted as deputy collector in what was then called the North-West Provinces i.
The Urdu literary scene in the Capital, seen fleetingly through the lives and works of its short-story writers, poets and critics. While these men and women are not the only ones being published in that language, their brief profiles give a sense of the scene in Delhi, or—as Urdu-speakers would have it—Dehli. Mystery-story writer. His latest novel is Aag Ka Beta He retired as a proofreader from a small publishing house in Daryaganj, and lives in the Chandni Mahal area.
While it tends to be dominated by poetry , especially the verse forms of the ghazal and nazm , it has expanded into other styles of writing, including that of the short story, or afsana. Urdu literature is mostly popular in Pakistan , where Urdu is the national language and India , where it is an official language. It is also widely understood in Afghanistan. Urdu developed in the Delhi region. Best Urdu Islamic Books you will find interested.
Based on literary, cultural, and historical importance, this list tries to present some of the most remarkable works in Urdu. It is not limited to literature and includes books on history, culture, philosophy and religion. Readers may, of course, disagree and make their own lists. The list is not in order of preference. Bagh-o-bahar: a dastan, written by Mir Amman, is an example of simple yet idiomatic classical prose. Fasana-i-ajaib: a dastan, penned by Rajab Ali Baig Suroor, is among the samples of the most ornate classical Urdu prose.