Johann Gutenberg and Invention of the Printing PressThe history of the printing press is a fascinating one and is one that ultimately led to our modern world. The printing press is one of the most important inventions of all time. Its development would destroy the hegemonic control of information in Europe and change the course of history forever. The quick, cheap and easy distribution of information would ultimately lead to the Protestant Reformation more on this later , the Renaissance , the Scientific Enlightenment , and Industrial Revolution. A printing press is any form of technology that applies pressure between an inked surface and a print medium like paper or cloth.
Who Invented the Printing Press?
The printing press is a device that allows for the mass production of uniform printed matter, mainly text in the form of books, pamphlets and newspapers. Created in China, the printing press revolutionized society there before being further developed in Europe in the 15th Century by Johannes Gutenberg and his invention of the Gutenberg press. No one knows when the first printing press was invented or who invented it, but the oldest known printed text originated in China during the first millennium A. The Diamond Sutra was created with a method known as block printing, which utilized panels of hand-carved wood blocks in reverse. Some other texts have survived from Dunhuang as well, including a printed calendar from around A. It was during this period of early printing that rolled-up scrolls began to be replaced by book-formatted texts.
May 7, The earliest mention of Bi Sheng's printing press is in the book Dream Pool Goldsmith and inventor Johannes Gutenberg was a political exile from Mainz, formalizing the printing press' contribution to the growth of literacy.
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His introduction of mechanical movable type printing to Europe started the Printing Revolution and is regarded as a milestone of the second millennium, ushering in the modern period of human history. Gutenberg in was the first European to use movable type. Among his many contributions to printing are: the invention of a process for mass-producing movable type; the use of oil-based ink for printing books;  adjustable molds;  mechanical movable type; and the use of a wooden printing press similar to the agricultural screw presses of the period. Gutenberg's method for making type is traditionally considered to have included a type metal alloy and a hand mould for casting type. The alloy was a mixture of lead, tin, and antimony that melted at a relatively low temperature for faster and more economical casting, cast well, and created a durable type.
Johannes Gutenberg was born circa , in Mainz, Germany. He started experimenting with printing by In Gutenberg obtained backing from the financier, Johann Fust, whose impatience and other factors led to Gutenberg's loss of his establishment to Fust several years later. Gutenberg died in Mainz in He was the third son of Freile zum Gensfleisch and his second wife, Else Wirick zum Gutenberg, whose maiden name Johann later adopted.